Sunday, January 25, 2015

Fourth Largest Air Force in World

Indian air force is now fourth largest and strongest air force in world. India has used all new and advance aircraft and there pilot known to be one of the best trained in world.

Indian air force started in British regime under the crown name royal Indian Air force in 1932 .In second world war Indian air force played a crucial role in war with bombing in Japanese advancement in East Asia.

After Independence Indian Air force took part in first J&K war but role was only limited to bring soldiers and necessary equipment’s. First major use was taken in 1960-61 during Goa Liberation war against Portuguese, when Indian bombers destroy their runway, meteorological, radio and radar station.

Indian forces faces arms and ammunition shortage in first 20 years after independence. In this time our so called peace loving prime minister want to become a global leader and raise nonaligned nation flag and reduce military budget .This underprepared and age old weapons system became one of the main reason to defeat in 1962 war against china and also become one of the main reason to lost many aircrafts in 1965 war against Pakistan.

India used British period aircraft in 1965 war on the other hand Pakistan used latest American jet planes with side winder missile system, India used age old tank on the other hand Pakistan used latest Patton tank .In 1962 war against China most of the Indian soldiers not die from Chinese bullet, they died from cold because they don’t had warm cloths and equipment. Sometimes there age-old gun jammed not fired.

One more reason why India lost many planes in 1965 war against Pakistan was Pakistan pilots had more experienced because they participate in Middle East war and war against Israel on the other hand Indian pilots not had so much experienced.

Main changes came after 1965 war when India increase defence budget and national security was giving first priority.

India air force created first clean sweep victory in 1971 war against Pakistan. In East Pakistan within 4 days Indian Air force got supremacy and then no counter measure taken by Pakistan in west Mig 21 performed much better than their Pakistani counterpart.

After this Indian Air force never looked back.

In present scenario India has largest variety of attacking aircrafts and all are latest one .In total numbers definitely China  stand one step ahead but in actual quality terms Indian Air force has more superior.

There are different segmentation for Air force:

Sukhoi Su MKI30: This is the latest fighter aircraft in Indian Air force .this 4.5 generation aircraft was taken from Russian .This aircraft known to be one of the best aircraft in world. Total 200 present in Indian Air forces and 72 more come within 2017.This Multirole fighte plane can be able to make any airstrike, Give air support to ground forces and also able to dog fight against enemy aircrafts.

MiG 29 UPG: This are advanced Mig 29 air superiority fighters able to get control on enemy air space and one side control. In 1999 Kargil war  these planes used to safeguard Mirage 2000 when they hits enemy bunker with laser guided bombs. In the same war two Mig29 (No. 47 squadron (Black Archers)) lock the Pakistan missile target to F16 of Pakistan, which patrolling near to border area. Mig 29 armed with beyond-visual-range air-to-air missiles.

HAL Tejas: This is Indian made Multirole fighter aircraft .This aircraft has produce for air force as well as for navy. This aircraft used all latest avionic and radar and armour system, which made this as one of the cheapest fighter aircraft in world with all latest technology. Total 8 in IAF and remaining 200 come in next few years.

Mirage 2000: This Fourth generation Multirole fighter aircraft taken from France. This plane upgraded to Mirage 2000-MK2 version and now able to continue in service till 2040.Total 52 are there in IAF.

MIG 21: This is one time back bone of IAF still have largest number in IAF active inventory total 247 .This soviet origin plane upgraded in MIG 21 bison and now working till 2022.This plane had great history. In 1971 war this plane helped IAF to prove air superiority in Pakistan aerospace.

India used third generation fighter in its inventory. One Mig 21 plane in 1971 war against Pakistan could destroy four PAF F-104s, two PAF Shenyang F-6, one PAF North American F-86 Sabre and one PAF Lockheed C-130 Hercules and perform much better than their western counter parts. This was known as one of the best fighter plane, used by all countries except US and their ally nations. After war many nation including Iraqi pilot came in India to get mig 21 pilot training. Mig 21 was first supersonic fighter aircraft in world.

Sepecat jaguar: This attack aircraft taken from Britain 147 and after up gradation fit for service till 2020.

MIG27: This old Soviet model in Indian Air Force and after up gradation suitable for service till 2020.This is ground attack fighter plane.

Boeing C-17 Globemaster III : This is strategic transport plane able to carry tanks and forces in any part of world and can be landed in any surface with small runway .C17 especially helpful in special forces operation. There are 9 in inventory and one more will come.


Beriev A-50 Phalcon : This was a Il76 Russian plane use AWACS purchased from Israel. This early warning system track any incoming device before they inter in Indian aerospace. Three already in service and two more will come in near future.

EMB-145 AEWCS: This is Indian DRDO AEW&CS (Airborne Early Warning and Control System) in development phase and this awacs will fit in Brazilian plane .There are two already in testing by IAF and one more will come in 2015.

Ilyushin Il-78 MKI: This soviet made jumbo plane used for air refuelling and this was one of the best due to high carrying capacity. There are seven in IAF inventory.

Gulfstream III : This is a special forces and Reconnaissance or surveillance plane used by elite force of a country or intelligence wing to know the exact situation in enemy line or to infiltrate in enemy border. Indian has three such plane used by their intelligence wing.

Bombardier 5000: This is also a special forces and Reconnaissance or surveillance plane used by elite force. In India there are two such plane used by external investigation agency.

BAE Hawk : this is UK made advance jet trainer used for training purpose .*70 already in IAF inventory and 20 more to come in near future.

BAE HawkHAL HJT-16 Kiran: This are Indian made training plane .These are phased out in 2017.81 are in inventory. 

Pilatus PC-7: These are also trainer aircraft used for training purpose. These are 100 ordered 53 already in inventory 75 more to come and possibility that 100 more order in next phase. These are Switzerland made propeller plane used to trained new joiner before they start jet plane training. 


HAL HPT-32 Deepak: This training plane used before Pilatus PC-7 came into service, due to continue crash total number of Deepak plane grounded in 2009.

Helicopters:

HAL Rudra: This is a attack helicopter is advance version of Dhurv. Dhruv was modified and armour with machine gun, air to surface missile and tank destroyer missile.22 were in service.

HAL Light Combat Helicopter: This attack helicopter is in development phase and come into service from 2015 last phase. There are 65 ordered.

Mil Mi-35 Hind-E: This soviet made attack helicopter was one of the best in attack helicopter category and used by 50 + nation across the world. USA also used this due to advance feature of its own time. Now this was replaced by IAF in near future with American Boeing AH-64D Apache.

Mil Mi-8,Mi-17,Mil Mi-26 Halo, Agusta Westland AW101,HAL Dhruv these bare transport helicopter and 270 in inventory.
 
HAL Chetak, HAL Cheetah these utility helicopter are phased out or is in last stage in their service.

IAI Harpy, IAI Harop, IAI Heron these are Israeli drone used for surveillance and destroying enemy target and radar stations.

DRDO Lakshya : this is short range missile or you can say guided bomb help to destroy enemy target.

DRDO Nishant: DRDO made drone used for surveillance and destroying enemy targets, there are 12 in inventory.

IAI Searcher: This is unmanned Ariel vehicle taken from Israel there are 100+ in inventory.

 Ilyushin Il-76 Candid: This was soviet engineering strategic  air lifter first introduce in 1974 by USSR. This plane can carry anything in any part of the world and able to land in any air field and in any surface .This strategic plane engineering used in other air lifter later on by USA. India has 24 of them this plane a crucial role in Indian Air Force.

C-130J Super Hercules: This is a transport tactical plane used by Special Forces. This plane due to such high importance produce from last 50 years continuously. Five already working and seven more ordered.

  59 Hawker Siddeley HS 748 Tactical transport,100 Antonov An-32 Cline  Light tactical transport,5 Boeing 737 airliner,

Dornier Do 228:this was German design and produce in India under licence and mainly used in surveillance. This comes under utility aircraft is a general-purpose light aircraft used for transport passenger and monitoring when other plane are not in use. There are 40 active Dornier in IAF.

Embraer 135: This Brazil made plane basically used for president and prime minister and some VVIP plane only. There are 4 in service. 


IAI Astra 1125: This is also a transport plane used for special people plane, there are 2 in service.